The Author: Matt Snyder
A FINANCIALLY FEASIBLE TECHNOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY AND FOUNDATION FOR ABATING CLIMATE CHANGE CONTAMINANTS:
A list of the cornerstone technologies available today to remediate GHG’s & particulates globally in a cost effective manner.
Commercial Scale Production of Algae Based Drop-In Petroleum Replacements:
Using the continuous cultivation system for microalgae designed by Scipio Biofuels in a de-centralized model the system can, due to the ability of the system to consume XXXXXX+ tons annually of CO2. The CO2 is consumed to cultivate algae in a pump-less flowing circuit, which will produce in excess of XXXXXXXX gallons of, algae oil per acre per year for biofuels.
How far in excess? Unfortunately at this time we can’t tell what we don’t know. From the very beginning of the design stages for this particular design we have been consumed with the ideas of under promising & over delivering in every way imaginable. As of this writing algae based biofuels can easily be produced at or very near the point of use with our equipment designs. For point of use at an existing larger facility just install our solar collector portion of the system in a circuit immediately within the perimeter fence of airports, harbors, military bases & the like. The algae, is continuously harvested & processed under the parking lot or another suitable location within or adjacent to the facility site. This process was designed to consume the maximum amount of CO2 from industrial sources.
It is possible to generate, algae oil (or green crude) for algae based biofuels in the tens, to thousands of tons per day depending on the number of PBR’s at a given facility. As long as geothermal heat (on a small scale) can also can be tapped on site, the latitude limits for algae cultivation, year-round, stretch to the Arctic and Antarctic Circles until photo-period simply won’t allow growth rates to be economically feasible. As luck would have it, we have multiple solutions for that as well. I’m not supposed to get bothered about using energy to make energy, as conversions are never 100% efficient. I don’t like to do this. Although in our case the ends justify the means.
The exact same equipment can be used to grow on the same scale the algae that produce Omega-3 & Omega-6 fatty acids. For pharmaceutical use these oils sell (as of this writing) for $200+ per gallon. As well as algae that bears astaxanthin. The substance that makes salmon pink is an antioxidant 300x more powerful than Vitamin E. With a value rarefied much higher than that of Omega-x fatty acids. Algae can produce feed stocks for many industries including plastics and cosmetics & more. This diversification gives greater stability to the alternative fuels industry and by extension, the economy as a whole. But we can’t get caught up in just growing high value strains. We’re producing fuel.
With such a de-centralized system producing tens of thousands (to millions) of tons of press-cake annually at or near each point of use, combined with centralized sites producing tens of millions of tons annually, it is conceivable that there will not be enough consumers of press-cake products. This is OK. In order to alleviate the need to scrap the coal cars that emerged full from mines in the past. Today the coal cars are to be empty for putting the “green coal” back into the ground. Using first of the 4 cornerstones, algae production to consume the CO2 regardless of production in excess of the global demand. This means that carbon sequestration is an issue that resolves itself for at least a hundred years when the coalmines are again almost full. Then and only then does carbon sequestration again become a problem.
Grow algae, harvest algae, remove oil. press-cake and overproduction got to coal mine.
Comprehensive System for Bioremediation of Eutrophic Water bodies & Watersheds
By using several different methods combined, wholly or in part during a portion of the year determined by photoperiod & solar cycle, the existing nutrients in and around a lake can be drawn from their source. By growing plants on automated hydroponic racks each of the racks shuttles in-turn from rooting to harvest along a dedicated path. The specific plants are chosen based upon what contaminants are in and around the lake water cross-referenced by the species that have rapidity of growth as well as requiring uptake of trace elements matching as many entries on the list of contaminants as possible. Each different species of plant will then consume directly from the environment. For within the water itself we could install algal mats which promote rapid algae growth with the property that the algae from the water will tend to stick to the mats to be removed from the lake with the mat. Removal of the mats occurs just before photoperiod decreases sharply at summer’s end. This means that when the die-off of the algae overgrowth that would then recycle those nutrients back into the water, those nutrients are instead taken up with the mats.
This same type of timing model is used with terrestrial plants around the shoreline and as far out as contamination, access and funding allow.
To eliminate stratification & passively oxygenate the volume of the lake’s water, a device equating to a smaller version of Cornerstone #3 was originally created to be part of this bioremediation system.
Many different techniques are initiated and discontinued in a very specific order, sequence, phase and period after which the area is then tested, plant species possibly adjusted then repeated annually for up to 40 years or more for very heavily contaminated areas. After the first 2 or 3 years, water as dirty as Lake Elsinore in California could be drinkable year-round. By that time, contamination levels should have decreased to allow more & different plants to be grown as feed-stocks for other industries offsetting the systems cost substantially. There are over 500 lakes in the southwest U.S. on EPA clean-up lists with funding waiting in vane, until now. It is a most important relationship to find/make/initiate between Scipio Biofuels & high level EPA people as soon as possible. This is how we assure enough water for everyone.
A wind powered method for passive de-acidification of the oceans.
By using a floating, wind driven apparatus, to inject pressurized ambient air at a given depth, the dynamic we are manufacturing artificially is that of, crashing waves, or an artificial wave action. That is the only function of this device. The rate at which it functions is directly dependent on wind speed. When artificial wave action begins a number of interesting things begin to occur.
As the bubbles rise, the air within exchanges some gasses with the seawater and will also be saturated with water vapor to 100% RH. As the air bubble reaches the surface it will contain more water vapor by volume than in the ambient air. This overall increase in ambient humidity will eventually result in increased rainfall somewhere.
By deploying large numbers (TBD) of this floating apparatus as a test by for example: dotting the Mississippi River Estuary, even miles out to sea the effects on the Gulf of Mexico’s eutrophic estuarial dead zones will be significant and immediate. The increased oxygen levels from the simulated wave action. As the “wet” air mass in the atmosphere increases, eventually this extra “distilled” fresh water in the atmosphere will logically increase rainfall globally, including on the ocean. For de-acidification it is this added fresh water rain that is the true agent of change. When pure H2O, contacts carbonic acid H2CO3 the CO2 molecule is broken off and the carbonic acid leaving water again thus raising the pH and liberating a molecule of CO2 from the seawater as it is raining at the surface. With luck, the increased rainfall in any one place will indicate increased rainfall eventually everywhere. Putting water in the air by putting air in the water, passively will serve us well.
We need not worry about covering every square mile of the seas with these machines. They should be concentrated where ocean currents are strongest and we allow the currents to distribute the oxygenated seawater for us when possible.
My understanding is that well within 30 days after small-scale deployment the first positive effects will be unmistakable.
Method for the removal of both particulates and CO2 100%, directly from the atmosphere in one pass.
For the sake of brevity I’m going to describe the system using common objects for analogy based on the physical dynamics employed.
Please imagine. a high volume PV solar powered vacuum pump connected to what is in essence sealed room with an inlet pipe dropping into a cistern creating in effect an enormous hooka.
What is actually in the hooka is limewater, an automated method for sensing & replenishment of the lime in the water a drain and a bottom, cleaning device. The CO2 within the rising bubbles reacts with the limewater causing a precipitate to settle on the bottom. With 100% of the particulates drawn in by the vacuum pump as the intake air is not filtered remaining suspended in the limewater. What the bottom cleaner does is gather and deposit for collection all of the calcium carbonate in which the CO2 is permanently sequestered. It also uses limewater for reasons of low expense, toxicity, and simplicity.
Emission free electrical power generation (almost) that preserves current upstream fiefdoms.
To manage the environmental sting out of electrical power generation without massive disruptions of service or political and or social upheaval the current paradigms must be included as a part of the solution.
Adjacent to a coal fired power plant we build algae cultivation capacity capable of sustaining the energy needs of the local community plus the difference between that, and the amount of CO2 needed to produce the algae annually to fuel a more flexible combined gas/steam turbine power system. When all is installed and running, only the CO2 necessary to run the secondary system is produced. The original power entity is only generating power at approximately 5% of original capacity and in effect becomes a Licensed CO2 “Producer”. The best part for all is that nobody has to look for a new job. This concept won’t work everywhere. But we have a number of ways to accommodate different technical issues relating to coal, biomass, ethanol & gas fired power generation all with the same end results.
These are the “5 Cornerstones” for a framework of what is economically feasible yet still accomplishes what is necessary to abate Climate Change. It has been my intention to do these things privately at my own expense as profits from the algae based biofuels would allow. I have no reason yet to believe implementing these technologies on a global scale will have unmanageable deleterious effects on the environment. But much positive effect on Climate Change causing contamination. Creating an unknown number of jobs everywhere isn’t a bad thing either. I’m in this not to get rich. Wealth will occur merely for making it happen at all and as such is tertiary. I’m here to help for lack of a better word, bioremediate CO2. Why? Because my professional experience has afforded me a unique view of the problem combined with highly specialized knowledge that allows me to simply state, because I know how.
By using all 4 of these processes in combination we can without technical difficulty, inexpensively and rather rapidly reverse the direction Climate Change contamination. When eventually appropriate in however many years, simply recycle the equipment from the processes no longer needed
There’s always more to tell but if this isn’t enough for you to chew on, what is? Thank you for your willingness to take the time to read about what I’ve created.