Why are biofuels having reputation problems?


Green energy and biofuel companies chosen by the elected officials and their appointed henchmen to be the “big winners” are failing in spectacular fashion. The Solyndra scandal (rapidly forgotten) and now the Range Fuels bankruptcy are the largest and most easily avoidable wastes of taxpayer funds it has ever been my displeasure to see coming, knowing today’s results long before the first check was written by, or loan guaranteed by, the American taxpayer. I say this because of some very basic facts about “biofuels” production technologies. I put biofuels in quotes because of the fact that ethanol IS made from grain crops that can be grown, harvested and converted to moonshine (on which a car can run) in a regular guy’s backyard.

Technically, Ethanol does qualify as a “biofuel”.  However, cellulosic Ethanol is a “biofuel” production technology that is far from being perfected or otherwise ready to in anyway to take-on petroleum based liquid transportation fuels toe-to-toe on any basis. Not, on cost to produce, not on feedstocks availability, not on renew-ability, no-where no-how no-way. Even if Range Fuels had gone bananas and was expanding exponentially, you can’t run a truck, train or jet airplane on Ethanol. Automatically, most of the transportation fuels market is off-limits. Aside from blending with gasoline and supplying the few ethanol pumps installed anywhere, what is the point?

The point is simple. Congressmen who sold their influence (via lobbyists) to the companies without viable technology that eagerly took these taxpayer funds or loan guarantees without offering any scientifically valid hypothesis or solid test data to validate the decisions of these Congressmen, did unknowingly take part in what has been repeatedly demonstrated (yet not openly stated) in the major media.

What have all 4 branches of the USFG (Executive, Legislative, Judiciary and the CIA) been simultaneously doing? Emptying the American Community Chest as quickly and completely as possible before these same people take our money and leave the USA with a valueless currency and up to our eyeballs in debt. All of this while they tell us, “We want to create jobs.” and “We seek to commercialize new technologies to create new jobs.”

THE FACT IS that if our government representatives actually wanted to create jobs, the aforementioned Congressmen would make sure they at least made sure that at least a single company with economically viable technology for biofuel production where the  biofuels produced (4th generation) were compatible with existing infrastructure would have received government backing. Thus far, not ONE company with technologies capable of delivering on the promises Congressmen are believing has received government funding. The reason for this is simple. By using a tax money wasting mechanism (lobbied Congressmen) that rejects any possibility of being the problem is able to blame an  “immature industry” as a red herring to divert attention from the fact that it was they who decided whom would be favored.

The reason for willfully not creating the jobs they promised (creating jobs has never been a problem until now) to citizens, citizens whom their long thought out policies caused to become unemployed, is that by “transferring” as many people as possible from the role of taxpayer, to the role of welfare recipient, is a way to coerce votes from those purposefully imperiled for no better reason than to put a thumb on the scale for the re-election of the incompetent and power addicted at unconscionable costs to the individual taxpayer. This is the worst kind of treason. Long-term.

I propose we fix this whole situation by a single Constitutional Amendment.

If National debt rises above 5% GDP, all incumbents are automatically ineligible for re-election for life.

 

 

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Algae Can Give Haiti A Greener Future


A fantastic image of the Author

Matt Snyder: Just wanting to do the right thing and help people be better off wherever they are.

The Disaster Scenario: A fair sized chunk of a community (county, state, or nation) is decimated by a natural disaster. It could be a tornado, hurricaine, typhoon, flood, fire, earthquake or even a tsunami. The deal is that most if not all services are now out (water, power & sewer) and humanitarian relief aid needs to be sent on the short to near term. What about the long term? What happens when the world sends a boat load of cash to a destroyed nation where local government is full of corrupted thieves? Or, the financial system is temporarily unavailable as a mechanism to use the funds for their intended purpose? The fact is that the longer those in charge argue amongst themselves about what to do where and how much to spend on each, the balance of the finite amount of relief funds will consistently shrink until either the restoration work on the infrastructure lost is completed so relief is no longer needed and , or providing short-term supplies (as well as possible corruption, misappropriations or embezzlement) consumes the balance before services have been completely restored to the whole community leaving it in worse shape than before the disaster.

For the purposes of this writing I will be using Haiti and the recent earthquake as our example disaster and all “perpensities” of human nature will be neglected for this example. No disparaging thoughts or ideas intended towards the Haitians. In fact, quite the opposite.

Renovatio: After the earthquake I percieve Haiti has a fantastic opportunity not often presented to positively effect an entire nation all at once. In so doing demonstrating to the world that energy independence for a nation is possible without consuming every last resource and square inch of land in the area.  As well as that lifting the average Haitian out of the horrendous poverty and unhealthful living conditions can be done without changing their culture any more than getting a job changes anybody else’s. Accomplishing this by as quickly after the disaster as possible seeing a biofuel company showing up with a long line of trucks. In the case of Haiti, a fair sized transport ship carrying earth movers & the long line of trucks.

Trucks filled with men and equipment whose self contained purpose would be to quickly build enough algae production equipment and related facilities to grow algae for biofuels, nutriceuticals, and pharmaceuticals production on an industrial scale. But build enough of it to consume all of the CO2 generated by all sizeable sources in the tiny nation. Power plants, breweries whatever is happening on Haiti that generates CO2 would be fitted with the necessary equipment to clean the CO2 for algaculture use and piped to the nearest algae facility. Assuming there is enough CO2 generated to provide algae to meet all of their energy needs. Electrical power generation feedstocks (algae oil or biomass) and liquid transportation fuels in such abundance that Haiti could begin to increase their GDP and exports by selling their unneeded fuels and other high value algae products on the open markets.  The only thing left  to do would be begin hiring and training the local people to make it happen and ethically manage it as an example of what happens when people invest in others at a time when they have just lost everything as well as learned some lessons. Knowing there were jobs being created to replace those lost in the disaster and the other small businesses the salaries from this new employment would enable to startup would help pay for over the long term the new civil infrastructure needed now, right now. Ag greener future with more “green” to go around as well.

Cholera comes from drinking fresh water that has human remains decomposing in it. When the earthquake first happened, these deaths from Cholera could have been avoided if somebody could have put a dozen bulldozers on the island nation a few here and there to clear paths where no roads existed or had been destroyed.  As well as for digging biologically safe graves, and temporary canals and catch basins for rainwater and sewage. It wouldn’thave been a bad idea to create some rubble free open areas as well for relief aid to be distributed and for people to safely sleep without fear of being buried by their homes collapsing from an aftershock.

Is this idea ghoulish or otherwise “inappropriate”? Dare I say it, would doing something like this as a company, be “non- politically correct”, unethical or plain insulting in some way to somebody involved who I have not accounted for? Could doing this for an area, or even an entire nation be considered to be a “bad thing”? I pose these questions to you rhetorically but these questions have come up in some of the discussions I have had on the subject with those who know more than I about such things. I’ve been told there are no ethical or moral conflicts to distract from getting the job done quickly as that is what the situation calls for.

The technology to accomplish Algae’s feat of daring-do exists today. We’re intending to have the productivity of the technology certified by a third party immediately upon being able to fund the testing as the last step before a pilot-plant that is intended to be built on the same site and as the first part of the first full-scale commercial algae production facility. 

When we commercialize in a climate such as Haiti’s, it need not be a painfully slow process as with our designs their unique qualities and integrated continuous harvesting capabilities will require small number of “scale related” parameter data streams over a production run of up to 90 days. We intend to build a pilot like this for each facility that is the first in a given climatic region to time compress the evolution of the feeedstocks for each type of climate conditions.  If successful, the data drawn from the pilot facility will allow the immediate improvements in some parts of the system high technology offers while saving the expense of building a pilot-plant then running off to build a seperate commercial facility. 

As soon as possible we would like to equip for the “follow disaster” approach as an adjunct to our already planned facility construction schedule. But, like 3rd party productivity certification testing, getting ready by transsubstantiating manufacturing capability for the full scale equipment and pilot -plants all they require is money.  Got Cash? Anybody? Carpe Alga! Please answer the poll below.

@)B^{D> Just doing what I can with what I’ve got.

Hello World! Let’s Fix The Earth!


 

Litho Scipio

The Author: Matt Snyder

A FINANCIALLY FEASIBLE TECHNOLOGICAL METHODOLOGY AND FOUNDATION FOR ABATING CLIMATE CHANGE CONTAMINANTS:

A list of the cornerstone technologies available today to remediate GHG’s & particulates globally in a cost effective manner.

CORNERSTONE  #1
Commercial Scale Production of Algae Based Drop-In Petroleum Replacements:

Using the continuous cultivation system for microalgae designed by Scipio Biofuels in a de-centralized model the system can, due to the ability of the system to consume XXXXXX+ tons annually of CO2. The CO2 is consumed to cultivate algae in a pump-less flowing circuit, which will produce in excess of XXXXXXXX gallons of, algae oil per acre per year for biofuels.

How far in excess? Unfortunately at this time we can’t tell what we don’t know. From the very beginning of the design stages for this particular design we have been consumed with the ideas of under promising & over delivering in every way imaginable. As of this writing algae based biofuels can easily be produced at or very near the point of use with our equipment designs. For point of use at an existing larger facility just install our solar collector portion of the system in a circuit immediately within the perimeter fence of airports, harbors, military bases & the like. The algae, is continuously harvested & processed under the parking lot or another suitable location within or adjacent to the facility site. This process was designed to consume the maximum amount of CO2 from industrial sources.

It is possible to generate, algae oil (or green crude) for algae based biofuels in the tens, to thousands of tons per day depending on the number of PBR’s at a given facility. As long as geothermal heat (on a small scale) can also can be tapped on site, the latitude limits for algae cultivation, year-round, stretch to the Arctic and Antarctic Circles until photo-period simply won’t allow growth rates to be economically feasible. As luck would have it, we have multiple solutions for that as well. I’m not supposed to get bothered about using energy to make energy, as conversions are never 100% efficient. I don’t like to do this. Although in our case the ends justify the means.

The exact same equipment can be used to grow on the same scale the algae that produce Omega-3 & Omega-6 fatty acids. For pharmaceutical use these oils sell (as of this writing) for $200+ per gallon. As well as algae that bears astaxanthin. The substance that makes salmon pink is an antioxidant 300x more powerful than Vitamin E. With a value rarefied much higher than that of Omega-x fatty acids. Algae can produce feed stocks for many industries including plastics and cosmetics & more. This diversification gives greater stability to the alternative fuels industry and by extension, the economy as a whole. But we can’t get caught up in just growing high value strains. We’re producing fuel.

With such a de-centralized system producing tens of thousands (to millions) of tons of press-cake annually at or near each point of use, combined with centralized sites producing tens of millions of tons annually, it is conceivable that there will not be enough consumers of press-cake products. This is OK. In order to alleviate the need to scrap the coal cars that emerged full from mines in the past. Today the coal cars are to be empty for putting the “green coal” back into the ground. Using first of the 4 cornerstones, algae production to consume the CO2 regardless of production in excess of the global demand. This means that carbon sequestration is an issue that resolves itself for at least a hundred years when the coalmines are again almost full. Then and only then does carbon sequestration again become a problem.

Grow algae, harvest algae, remove oil. press-cake and overproduction got to coal mine.
CORNERSTONE  #2
Comprehensive System for Bioremediation of Eutrophic Water bodies & Watersheds

By using several different methods combined, wholly or in part during a portion of the year determined by photoperiod & solar cycle, the existing nutrients in and around a lake can be drawn from their source. By growing plants on automated hydroponic racks each of the racks shuttles in-turn from rooting to harvest along a dedicated path. The specific plants are chosen based upon what contaminants are in and around the lake water cross-referenced by the species that have rapidity of growth as well as requiring uptake of trace elements matching as many entries on the list of contaminants as possible. Each different species of plant will then consume directly from the environment. For within the water itself we could install algal mats which promote rapid algae growth with the property that the algae from the water will tend to stick to the mats to be removed from the lake with the mat. Removal of the mats occurs just before photoperiod decreases sharply at summer’s end. This means that when the die-off of the algae overgrowth that would then recycle those nutrients back into the water, those nutrients are instead taken up with the mats.

This same type of timing model is used with terrestrial plants around the shoreline and as far out as contamination, access and funding allow.

To eliminate stratification & passively oxygenate the volume of the lake’s water, a device equating to a smaller version of Cornerstone #3 was originally created to be part of this bioremediation system.

Many different techniques are initiated and discontinued in a very specific order, sequence, phase and period after which the area is then tested, plant species possibly adjusted then repeated annually for up to 40 years or more for very heavily contaminated areas. After the first 2 or 3 years, water as dirty as Lake Elsinore in California could be drinkable year-round. By that time, contamination levels should have decreased to allow more & different plants to be grown as feed-stocks for other industries offsetting the systems cost substantially. There are over 500 lakes in the southwest U.S. on EPA clean-up lists with funding waiting in vane, until now. It is a most important relationship to find/make/initiate between Scipio Biofuels & high level EPA people as soon as possible. This is how we assure enough water for everyone.
CORNERSTONE #3
A wind powered method for passive de-acidification of the oceans.

By using a floating, wind driven apparatus, to inject pressurized ambient air at a given depth, the dynamic we are manufacturing artificially is that of, crashing waves, or an artificial wave action. That is the only function of this device. The rate at which it functions is directly dependent on wind speed. When artificial wave action begins a number of interesting things begin to occur.

As the bubbles rise, the air within exchanges some gasses with the seawater and will also be saturated with water vapor to 100% RH.  As the air bubble reaches the surface it will contain more water vapor by volume than in the ambient air.  This overall increase in ambient humidity will eventually result in increased rainfall somewhere.

By deploying large numbers (TBD) of this floating apparatus as a test by for example: dotting the Mississippi River Estuary, even miles out to sea the effects on the Gulf of Mexico’s eutrophic estuarial dead zones will be significant and immediate. The increased oxygen levels from the simulated wave action. As the “wet” air mass in the atmosphere increases, eventually this extra “distilled” fresh water in the atmosphere will logically increase rainfall globally, including on the ocean. For de-acidification it is this added fresh water rain that is the true agent of change. When pure H2O, contacts carbonic acid H2CO3 the CO2 molecule is broken off and the carbonic acid leaving water again thus raising the pH and liberating a molecule of CO2 from the seawater as it is raining at the surface. With luck, the increased rainfall in any one place will indicate increased rainfall eventually everywhere. Putting water in the air by putting air in the water, passively will serve us well.

We need not worry about covering every square mile of the seas with these machines. They should be concentrated where ocean currents are strongest and we allow the currents to distribute the oxygenated seawater for us when possible.

My understanding is that well within 30 days after small-scale deployment the first positive effects will be unmistakable.
CORNERSTONE #4
Method for the removal of both particulates and CO2 100%, directly from the atmosphere in one pass.
 
For the sake of brevity I’m going to describe the system using common objects for analogy based on the physical dynamics employed.

Please imagine. a high volume PV solar powered vacuum pump connected to what is in essence sealed room with an inlet pipe dropping into a cistern creating in effect an enormous hooka.

What is actually in the hooka is limewater, an automated method for sensing & replenishment of the lime in the water a drain and a bottom, cleaning device. The CO2 within the rising bubbles reacts with the limewater causing a precipitate to settle on the bottom.  With 100% of the particulates drawn in by the vacuum pump as the intake air is not filtered remaining suspended in the limewater. What the bottom cleaner does is gather and deposit for collection all of the calcium carbonate in which the CO2 is permanently sequestered. It also uses limewater for reasons of low expense, toxicity, and simplicity.

CORNERSTONE #5
Emission free electrical power generation (almost) that preserves current upstream fiefdoms.

To manage the environmental sting out of electrical power generation without massive disruptions of service or political and or social upheaval the current paradigms must be included as a part of the solution.

Adjacent to a coal fired power plant we build algae cultivation capacity capable of sustaining the energy needs of the local community plus the difference between that, and the amount of CO2 needed to produce the algae annually to fuel a more flexible combined gas/steam turbine power system. When all is installed and running, only the CO2 necessary to run the secondary system is produced. The original power entity is only generating power at approximately 5% of original capacity and in effect becomes a Licensed CO2 “Producer”.  The best part for all is that nobody has to look for a new job. This concept won’t work everywhere. But we have a number of ways to accommodate different technical issues relating to coal, biomass, ethanol & gas fired power generation all with the same end results.

CONCLUSIONS

These are the “5 Cornerstones” for a framework of what is economically feasible yet still accomplishes what is necessary to abate Climate Change. It has been my intention to do these things privately at my own expense as profits from the algae based biofuels would allow. I have no reason yet to believe implementing these technologies on a global scale will have unmanageable deleterious effects on the environment. But much positive effect on Climate Change causing contamination. Creating an unknown number of jobs everywhere isn’t a bad thing either. I’m in this not to get rich. Wealth will occur merely for making it happen at all and as such is tertiary. I’m here to help for lack of a better word, bioremediate CO2. Why? Because my professional experience has afforded me a unique view of the problem combined with highly specialized knowledge that allows me to simply state, because I know how.

By using all 4 of these processes in combination we can without technical difficulty, inexpensively and rather rapidly reverse the direction Climate Change contamination. When eventually appropriate in however many years, simply recycle the equipment from the processes no longer needed

There’s always more to tell but if this isn’t enough for you to chew on, what is? Thank you for your willingness to take the time to read about what I’ve created.